RPA is an application of technology, governed by business logic and structured inputs, aimed at automating business processes. Using RPA tools, a company can configure software, or a “robot,” to capture and interpret applications for processing a transaction, manipulating data, triggering responses, and communicating with other digital systems.
With the increasing number of RPA implementations and the rising number of software robots, organisations need to look for ways to combine automation with security methods to help protect RPA investments while helping to get value out of them faster.
The Security standards should be basically the same when it comes to human users and applications, with some minor differentiators specific to RPA Technology & life cycle of robots that need to be implemented.
A proprietary identity and access rights to IT resources for software robots
Software robots need their own identity and access rights to IT resources so that non-repudiation and segregation of duties can be sufficiently controlled. Otherwise, as with human users, there is no practical way to guarantee the non-repudiation of a robot’s actions, and there is no way to manage their access and monitor their activities.
Removing hard-coded access rights
Reduce the risk of attacks through creating an additional layer of security by removing all hard-coded access rights from robot scripts and replaced by an API call, with each request directly referring to the applicable access rights stored in a central repository.
Create a central repository for consistent implementation of security policies
A central repository is essential for the consistent implementation of security policies, like the automatic rotation of access rights or a unique password. Adding an abstraction layer to the central repository using an API call reference can be modified without changing the robot code or taking them offline. Manually modifying permissions for hundreds or thousands of software robots is not scalable and is insecure, therefore, a large part of the management of login data should be automated for consistency.
Applying the principle of ‘least privilege'
Robots’ access to other applications and databases must be limited to what is strictly necessary to perform tasks; the ‘least privilege’ principle. Damage in the event of an attack is minimised by limiting the access software robots have to applications or databases. This is especially important to stop intruders from using multiple applications on a client computer in the event of a cyberattack, and to give local administrator rights to install spyware and other malware.
Securing access to the RPA console
The ability to isolate, monitor and record administrator activity is just as important to RPA administrators as it is to other users with additional rights. Security teams should be able to track RPA admin sessions in real-time and terminate them if necessary.
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